It’s time again to “Spring Forward” by moving your clocks ahead one hour on Sunday morning. Americans love the extra hour of sleep in the fall, but hat giving it back in the spring. Why do we have Daylight Saving Time anyway?
- The official term is “Daylight Saving Time,” not “Daylight Savings Time.”
- Hawaii and most of Arizona do not observe DST. Likewise Puerto Rico, American Samoa, U.S. Virgin Islands, Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam.
- Benjamin Franklin first proposed changing clocks in 1784.
- Daylight saving time was first implemented in the U.S. during the First World War, to save fuel by reducing the need to use artificial lighting.
- Daylight saving time in the United States was not supported by farmers, as many people think. Farmers’ schedules are dictated by the sun, not the clock. The farm lobby led the fight for the repeal of national daylight saving time after WWI.
- After WWI some states and cities continued to shift their clocks. For example, New York City used DST to allow the New York Stock Exchange to open one hour before the London Stock Exchange closed.
- In 1965 there were 23 different pairs of start and end dates in Iowa.
- Passengers on a 35-mile bus ride from Steubenville, Ohio, to Moundsville, West Virginia, passed through seven time changes.
- In 1966 Congress passed the Uniform Time Act, which standardized daylight saving time across the country. States had the option of remaining on standard time year-round.
- Does DST really save energy? Probably not. A government study in the 1970s concluded that total electricity savings associated with daylight saving time amounted to about 1 percent. But air conditioning has become more widespread and studies now show that the cost savings on lighting are more than offset by greater cooling expenses. Some believe that increased recreational activity during daylight saving results in greater gasoline consumption.
Like it or hate it, Daylight Saving Time is once again upon us.