On this day in history

August 26th, 1920

Women get the right to vote

From the History ChannelThe 19th Amendment, guaranteeing women the right to vote, is formally adopted into the U.S. Constitution by proclamation of Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby. The amendment was the culmination of more than 70 years of struggle by woman suffragists. Its two sections read simply: “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex” and “Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”America’s woman suffrage movement was founded in the mid 19th century by women who had become politically active through their work in the abolitionist and temperance movements. In July 1848, 200 woman suffragists, organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, met in Seneca Falls, New York, to discuss women’s rights. After approving measures asserting the right of women to educational and employment opportunities, they passed a resolution that declared “it is the duty of the women of this country to secure to themselves their sacred right to the elective franchise.” For proclaiming a women’s right to vote, the Seneca Falls Convention was subjected to public ridicule, and some backers of women’s rights withdrew their support. However, the resolution marked the beginning of the woman suffrage movement in America.

The first national woman’s rights convention was held in 1850 and then repeated annually, providing an important focus for the growing woman suffrage movement. In the Reconstruction era, the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was adopted, granting African American men the right to vote, but Congress declined to expand enfranchisement into the sphere of gender. In 1869, the National Woman Suffrage Association was founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton to push for a woman suffrage amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Another organization, the American Woman Suffrage Association, led by Lucy Stone, was formed in the same year to work through the state legislatures. In 1890, these two groups were united as the National American Woman Suffrage Association. That year, Wyoming became the first state to grant women the right to vote.

By the beginning of the 20th century, the role of women in American society was changing drastically: Women were working more, receiving a better education, bearing fewer children, and three more states (Colorado, Utah, and Idaho) had yielded to the demand for female enfranchisement. In 1916, the National Woman’s Party (formed in 1913 at the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage) decided to adopt a more radical approach to woman suffrage. Instead of questionnaires and lobbying, its members picketed the White House, marched, and staged acts of civil disobedience.

In 1917, America entered World War I, and women aided the war effort in various capacities that helped break down most of the remaining opposition to woman suffrage. By 1918, women had acquired equal suffrage with men in 15 states, and both the Democratic and Republican parties openly endorsed female enfranchisement.

In January 1918, the woman suffrage amendment passed the House of Representatives with the necessary two-thirds majority vote. In June 1919, it was approved by the Senate and sent to the states for ratification. Campaigns were waged by suffragists around the country to secure ratification, and on August 18, 1920, Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the amendment, giving it the two-thirds majority of state ratification necessary to make it the law of the land.

The package containing the certified record of the action of the Tennessee legislature was sent by train to the nation’s capital, arriving in the early hours of August 26. At 8 a.m. that morning, Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby signed it without ceremony at his residence in Washington. None of the leaders of the woman suffrage movement were present when the proclamation was signed, and no photographers or film cameras recorded the event. That afternoon, Carrie Chapman Catt, head of the National American Suffrage Association, was received at the White House by President Woodrow Wilson and Edith Wilson, the first lady.

27 COMMENTS

  1. Women can’t take their rights for granted anymore, not during these perilous times, because there are “leaders” in power now who will yank the rug out from under us women, figuratively speaking, and set our rights back for us hundreds of years of progress that was hard fought for. Don’t think it can’t happen for one minute, and be very aware of those who are in power and for what they stand for, and if they are not for women’s rights, then vote them out of office ( while you still can) !

  2. “I’m every woman, it’s all in me”…..just like the words from the song that Whitney Houston sang so beautifully.

  3. I’ve been looking at the photos coming in from Rockport, Texas and showing the hurricane damage. It brings back memories for sure, but while things were bad here in Central Florida in the past, not quite that bad! It is alarming to see what can happen when a hurricane moves ashore and on inland. I remember the big super heavy duty billboards out 436, huge ones, where the entire billboard was bent forward and it made the enormous poles just bent over in a U-shape with the billboard down underneath, and huge trees downed, and blue tarps on roofs everywhere, and places that were flooded that I had never seen flooded under water. One parking lot that had a grocery store as an anchor had oaks that had grown very large in the lot, and they blew over onto cars that were parked beneath them, out on 436 past 17-92. Those cars set there quite awhile before they were removed out of the parking lot.

  4. I saw photos of a herd of long horn cattle in a Texas pasture running along the fences with water flooded and close up to their bellies and they were trying to find some higher land but had nowhere to go. I felt sorry for them. I saw a photo of someone’s home damaged and they had left their two big dogs chained out to a flimsy looking dog house. Only one dog house, I believe. Who would do that, and leave their dogs out in a Category 4 hurricane while they sit inside? I would have brought them in even if they were not housebroken. What were they thinking?

  5. And, homes and cars burnt and destroyed from power transmitters that had been blown out and that had started fires that swept across like dominoes with the flames being blown to the next house by the powerful winds, and on and on, like the domino effect. I had not thought too much about that happening in a hurricane.

  6. Then there were the tornadoes that spun off the hurricane there in Texas, if the hurricane force winds and water weren’t enough for the people to deal with! Life is so fragile now days.

  7. There will never be a hurricane named after me…..Mama Mia….LOL. That is okay though, because after the deadly Hurricane Katrina, people got mad about her name, and didn’t like the name Katrina…..I think it is a pretty name though, but then again, I didn’t weather that deadly hurricane there, when it blew through and destroyed the New Orleans area.

  8. Who is going to win the big fight tonight? The trash talk coming from both men is awful, and hideous! I know the intent is to intimidate your opponent, but I am the one getting intimidated when I read what they have been saying to each other! This goes beyond, the old, ” I’ll eat your kids” OMG….then Tyson really did bite off an ear! But not from a kid’s ear….LOL Geesh!

  9. Why do we even have a hurricane named Harvey this year? There was already a tropical depression that was given that name back in 2005 on the official list. Are they running out of names???

  10. The Apopka neighborhoods around here are having hurricane parties. It doesn’t matter to them if the hurricane is as far away as Texas, they don’t care, as it is something to celebrate. See, I told you what a happy bunch we have around here in the “hoods”…..LOL

  11. 9 trillion gallons of water flooding the Houston area. I can’t image that much water flowing through a big city, and raining down there, and how can they estimate the amount of water? Weatherman said 1-inch of rainfall equals 23, 000 gallons of water. Heard that on our area tv channel. I can’t help but think how big of an area are they speaking of? I’m not doubting their estimates, but it is hard to figure how they come up with that estimate. Just thankful it is not happening here! How will those people be able to get their lives back to normal after this disaster?

  12. Our president still wants funding to build the wall! He even says that we need a good government shutdown if he doesn’t get the funding he wants for the wall. I can only imagine the hardships that this will create, not only for those hard-hit victims of the hurricane out there, but for everybody! He needs to re-think that wall at a time such as this, where people are in dire need of help immediately. What is wrong with him?

  13. Honey Boo Boo is turning 12 years old today. Happy Birthday Honey Boo Boo…. I heard that this is the day that Prince Charles and Princess Diana of Wales divorced. So sad, the love triangle, and then the loss of Princess Diana. I remember the day of the tunnel auto accident, all to well, from sitting and watching it on tv. Today is also the day in history of the University of Florida grisly murders of the college students in Gainesville. I heard this on tv today, this morning, although I didn’t look it up. I remember that time, all too well, it had me on edge, as well as everyone else. I was relieved when they executed that guy that was responsible for their horrid deaths. He did confess to it. Another one I was relieved that they executed was Ted Bundy!

  14. I was so fat I could of been the Princess of Whales, at one time…..LOL I am trying to make you all laugh and lift your spirits. Paris Hilton has stated that she could have been Princess of Wales ( if it weren’t for her sex tape,that is….that is what she said) Yes, I really admired Princess Diana. I have been watching all the latest specials on tv about her life. I watched one yesterday on UCFO- TV. I didn’t realize there was a fire at palace back in 1992, according to yesterday’s program shown. That place was fabulous inside. Wow.

  15. I don’t know why I don’t remember the fire in the 1992 Windsor Castle. It started in Queen Elizabeth’s private chapel because of a spotlight against a curtain that caught fire. It took a total of 200 firemen, a total of 35 fire engines, 1.5 million gallons of the public water supply, water from a swimming pool, a pond, and eventually water out of the Thames River to put it out. It burned for 15 hours total. The palace was extensively damaged and required several years, plus a cost of 36.5 million dollars to re-build it. And the unbelievable part is, that the Windsor Castle was not insured, nor were the Royal Collections, which included priceless articles of art and paintings!!!! Can you believe it??? The castle and collections were TOO VALUABLE to insure! This led to funding from private donations coming in, and to Buckingham Palace being opened to the public and an admission price that was charged per person for the tour that was collected for years to come. The Queen kicked in 2 million of her own money, and here is the biggie…… the Queen was required to start paying income tax for the first time ever on her income, and has had to pay income taxes since 1993, and continues to do so right up to this day!!!!

  16. Another person struck and killed by the train on Ronald Reagan Blvd. and Lake Mary Blvd. in Longwood today. This one was on a bicycle. It wasn’t long ago that another person was struck and killed. The train crossings are so dangerous.

  17. How about that photo of the big dog named Otis, I think, in the Houston flood, who escaped the screened in back porch and got scared and ran off during the hurricane, but not before grabbing up his giant bag of dog chow and dragging it with him down the road, until a good Samarian got him reunited with his owner. That was so cute. Loved it!

  18. Trump is suppose to go to Houston tomorrow, maybe, that is, because he also plans to go to Missouri. He is going to see the devastation for himself. I know he will promise the moon, to help them, but will he? He tends to say one thing and do the opposite. Talk about draining the swamp……!!!

  19. The Texas people need to see a rainbow appear across the skies, a sign to give them some hope. I haven’t seen one resident crying, however, they seem to just accept it all, push forward, and hang in there the best they can, keeping the faith. I would have been a basket case of tears, if that was me in that situation. I guess that is my coping mechanism, just the way I am.

  20. UH OH…..just got a breaking news brief and beep on my computer. North Korean missile fired over Japan! Also Duke Energy asking for a 8% increase on power bills.

  21. I don’t know how in the world that there are people who can say with certainty that there are no sharks swimming in the freeways of the deep waters in the city of Houston. It is possible. How do they know if it is a hoax or not? There was a picture of a man catching a fish inside his flooded living room in Texas with his bare hands. Was that a hoax too? I think probably there are sharks swimming around in that water.

  22. I’ve got to get off of here and go do some errands, but honestly, that North Korean missile fired over Japan today is an act of war!

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